In an evening when the Oscars tried for a younger, hipper image with new host Chris Rock, the 77th annual awards were mostly divided between the works of two veteran filmmakers — Eastwood and "The Aviator's" Martin Scorsese — who between them have about 85 years in show business. "The Aviator" won five trophies, the most of the night, although influential director Scorsese was again shut out for best picture and director.
But it was Eastwood's night. At 74, he became the oldest director to earn the top honor. He previously won the directing trophy for 1992's "Unforgiven." Eastwood directed his first film three years before his Oscar-winning star, Hilary Swank, was born.
"I'm just a kid," Eastwood said in accepting his award. "I've got a lot of stuff to do yet."
Jamie Foxx, who seamlessly blended his own piano playing with Ray Charles' vocal tracks, collected the best actor Oscar for starring as the legendary rhythm and blues singer in the biopic "Ray."
In a sometimes emotional speech, Foxx thanked Charles, who died in June, and his late grandmother, who taught him to be an actor and a "Southern gentleman."
"She still talks to me, but now she talks to me in my dreams," Foxx said. "I can't wait to go to sleep tonight, because we got a lot to talk about."
Foxx also was nominated for best supporting actor for "Collateral," but lost that statuette to "Million Dollar Baby's" Morgan Freeman, who played the ex-boxer who managed Eastwood's gym. It was Freeman's first win in four nominations, and it proved to be a crowd pleaser, winning the veteran actor a standing ovation.
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Freeman said backstage that he wanted to become a movie actor at 15. "This is the fight I've been fighting all of my life," he said. "This isn't serendipity, in terms of being here."
The two wins for the black actors came three years after Denzel Washington ("Training Day") and Halle Berry ("Monster's Ball") won the top acting prizes. Foxx is the third black performer to win the best actor trophy.
But it was "Million Dollar Baby's" evening. "I'm just a girl from a trailer park who had a dream," Swank said from the podium, describing both her life and that of her "Million Dollar Baby's" rags-to-riches character. This was Swank's second best actress Oscar; she won five years ago for "Boys Don't Cry."
Oscar producer Gilbert Cates tried to jazz up the event by bringing in standup comedian and actor Rock to emcee the ceremony. The show's ratings have been stalled for years, and when nominations were announced, this year's five best picture selections had the smallest cumulative box-office gross of any field since 1986.
The often raunchy Rock, who has hosted MTV's "Video Music Awards" but is not an established movie star, took over from last year's host, Billy Crystal. Rock immediately fell into his trademark take-no-prisoners patter, telling the assembled black-tie audience of Hollywood royalty, "Sit yo' asses down."
Rock spared few in his five-minute opening monologue, going after actors Jude Law, Tobey Maguire, Colin Farrell and Cuba Gooding Jr. for not being real movie stars. Seconds after saying "I'm not going to bash Bush tonight," Rock then launched into a critique of the president.
His main target through the evening was Hollywood itself.
In one skit, Rock interviewed patrons of the Magic Johnson Theatre in Baldwin Hills to point out how out of touch the Oscars were with audiences. Most of them had not seen any of the best picture nominees but heaped praised on popcorn fare like "White Chicks" and "The Chronicles of Riddick."
Censors for ABC, which broadcast the show, objected to numerous lyrics in a cheeky song to be performed by Robin Williams as part of the presentation for the animated feature award.
Cates said backstage Sunday that the songwriters quickly revised "seven or eight" of the lyrics that mocked the concerns of some Christian conservatives about alleged gay characters and influences in animated films, following ABC's complaints. But Williams never sang, instead riffing on the sexual orientation of some cartoon characters, including Bugs Bunny and Donald Duck.
In another twist in this year's show, all the nominees in some categories were invited on stage, and some Oscars were presented in the audience. The goal was to give the faces of all nominees screen time, but it was reserved for lesser categories such as art direction, animated short, visual effects and makeup. It may not have revolutionized the broadcast, but it helped speed the show along, as it clocked in a comparatively brisk 3 hours and 14 minutes.
"Next time, they're going to give Oscars in the parking lot," Rock joked.
While the show may have been fast, "Million Dollar Baby's" path to the screen was anything but. At an early stage in the film's development, Arnold Schwarzenegger was considered for the role of the boxing trainer played by Eastwood, and Sandra Bullock was once contemplated for Swank's part as a boxer in search of a mentor.
Warner Bros., Eastwood's longtime studio home, initially declined to participate in the film, worried that boxing movies weren't commercially viable. The rejection came even though Eastwood's film cost only $30 million and after his "Mystic River" became one of 2003's best-reviewed films and a box-office hit for Warner Bros.
Tom Rosenberg's Lakeshore Entertainment agreed to bankroll "Million Dollar Baby," and after other studios passed, Warner Bros. relented and agreed to share the film's cost.
Unlike most movies that are put through endless rewrites, Eastwood filmed the first and only draft of screenwriter Paul Haggis' "Million Dollar Baby" script in 37 days, and finished the movie so quickly that Warner Bros. was able to move up its opening from a planned 2005 debut to Dec. 15.
"Million Dollar Baby" also withstood a barrage of criticism from conservative critics, who objected to the film's handling of euthanasia. But the controversy failed to resonate with Oscar voters.
Even though it would appear that this year's awards strengthened the return of studio dominance to the Oscars, only one of the best picture nominees, Miramax Film's "Finding Neverland," was fully financed by a major studio.
"The Aviator" was funded by financier Graham King, "Ray" was backed by billionaire Philip Anschutz and "Sideways" was made by Fox Searchlight, the specialty film division of 20th Century Fox.
Two critical favorites won in the writing categories. The wine-soaked road movie "Sideways," which had won the majority of awards from critics' organizations and swept Saturday's Independent Spirit Awards, received best adapted screenplay, for Jim Taylor and director Alexander Payne. The best original screenplay Oscar went to the team behind the quirky romance "Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind": Charlie Kaufman, Michel Gondry and Pierre Bismuth.
It looked like it was going to be Scorsese's first visit into the winner's circle; in the show's first half, "The Aviator" won all but one award — best supporting actor — for which it was nominated.
For her depiction of a young Katharine Hepburn in the film, Cate Blanchett won the best supporting actress award. Hepburn, who died in 2003, holds the record for the most Oscar wins for a performer, with four Academy Awards for best actress.
"Thank you, of course, to Miss Hepburn," said Blanchett, who carried one of the late actress' gloves in her purse. Blanchett said after her win that she had hoped to meet Hepburn, who was still alive when she accepted the part. "I was aware that she was very ill, so I was very sensitive not to be pushy" about trying to meet her.
In his eighth nomination, production designer and costume designer Dante Ferretti collected the art direction Oscar for "The Aviator." The movie's Sandy Powell won the costume design award, while longtime Scorsese collaborator Thelma Schoonmaker won the editing award. "The Aviator's" Robert Richardson took the cinematography statuette.
This year's ceremony, which was held at Hollywood's Kodak Theatre, could have marked the Oscar farewell for Miramax under co-founders Bob and Harvey Weinstein. The two are negotiating their exit from the Disney-owned film division.
As expected, "The Incredibles" was named the best animated feature, as the Disney-Pixar movie topped two rivals from DreamWorks, "Shrek 2" and "Shark Tale."
For the first time in Oscar history, a song from a foreign language film — Jorge Drexler's "Al Otro Lado Del Rio," from "The Motorcycle Diaries" — earned the original song award.
Roger Mayer, the president of Turner Entertainment Co., was given the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award for his charitable and film preservation.
"Dog Day Afternoon" and "Network" director Sidney Lumet received an honorary Oscar, his first trophy after nearly 50 years in the business.
"I'd like to thank the movies," said Lumet, who is still working behind the camera on the upcoming "Find Me Guilty." "I got the best job in the best profession in the world."